Industrial and Economic Espionage

Industrial espionage became almost a necessity for most modern countries. This type of espionage is sometimes referred to as mild or low-profile espionage activity.However, it is often not less dangerous than other field operative activities. To get results, agencies usually have to invest in unique people for long periods of time.
This type of activity has to be played very carefully as an information leak from an organization may reveal the mere existence of a mole and terminate his or her activity permanently.It is a very complicated and sophisticated long-term espionage activity that requires diverse skills to get to the right position in the organization, access to the appropriate information and the ability transfer it.
There are many types, forms and ways to perform such espionage. Industrial espionage usually is referred to as economic or corporate espionage.The main target is for commercial purposes. However, there are other targets such as those for national security purposes and this type of espionage is conducted by governments worldwide.In such cases, the targets are corporations, mainly those based on sophisticated technology such as: aerospace, telecommunications, biotechnology and others.
Post war era industrial espionage has taken on additional forms such as sabotage. This act is performed in cases where the target is to cause delays in certain developments, such as industries developing advanced military weapons.Recruiting agents has many forms. A good and simple way is to identify a dissatisfied employee who is willing to cooperate for financial benefits in conjunction with revenge.
An inside-job is considered one of the best ways to get the information needed.
In certain cases some convincing may be required to get the level of cooperation needed, which may include blackmail, bribes or benefits.Although recruiting an insider is a favorable way, there is no comparison to the well-trained dedicated home agent. The use of inside agents or home agents may be at corporate level, government level or both.In order to hide the original source ordering or requiring that data or process, there are often levels of operatives or organizations in between.
In certain cases governments prefer to do this type of spying rather than make use of their own intelligence agencies. Governments use their business delegates, students and academics for information gathering.Industrial espionage during the period of 1960-1980 was very difficult. However, with the introduction of super fast computers and the Internet, it has become much easier to transfer data. Accordingly, new measures of counter-espionage have been developed, but they still have not eliminated the possibilities for copying and stealing information.The U.S. National Counter Intelligence Center (NACIC), in their reports to Congress, has indicated the existence of foreign industrial espionage activities.They reported that the main targeted industries are information systems, aeronautics, biotechnology, electronics, sensors, armaments, energy related materials, nuclear systems, telecommunications, space systems and weapons.The methods of espionage include surveillance and specialized technical operations such as signal intelligence. The foreign students studying in the U.S. and foreign employees of U.S. firms and agencies are very common sources for recruitment.There are similar activities during international conferences and trade fairs. Other sources are sponsorship of research projects in the U.S. and assigning foreign commercial or science officers to joint research and development projects. In addition, a vast range of disinformation is used in many areas. There is an extensive range of free or open information that can be and is exploited. There are many publicly accessed databases that are available to all. In addition, anyone can ask for information directly or via email, communicating with scientists and discussion groups.Actually, these days it is almost impossible to hermetically close and protect information from leaking.As long as data is kept digitally and online and humans or betraying humans are involved, guarding and saving information is very difficult.According to the FBI, economic spying by countries considered friends or adversaries of the U.S. is increasing each year. They have confirmed that hundreds of foreign counterintelligence investigations involving economic espionage are pending before the Bureau.Such espionage can make an enormous contribution to the national security of the spying country.

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What Are The Benefits That Come From Purchasing Eggless Goods From Bakeries

One thing about Eggless recipes that you have to be aware of is the fact that they are food items that have been prepared using egg replacements or without eggs at all. We all know that eggs are rich in protein, but even if that is the case, there are still those who are shying away from consuming eggs, instead, they prefer food items that are free from it. Most of the time, the people who tend to avoid eating food items that contain eggs are the Vegans or Vegetarians because they believe that doing such a thing is good for them and their health. Not only that, there are those people who are allergic to eggs, whilst, older people who suffer from heart disease and hypertension refrain themselves from eating egg-rich food to prevent their condition from worsening due to the cholesterol present in eggs. Most of the time, they are advised to eat food items that are free from eggs. Yet, there are times when we cannot control ourselves from eating food items or baked goodies, even if they have eggs. Thankfully, we no longer have to do that as there are bakeries who are selling eggless baked goods. Here are some of the good things that come from purchasing egg-free baked goodies from bakeries.

First and foremost, buying eggless baked goods from bakeries mean that you are bound to get food items that do not contain eggs in any form, may it be powdered or fresh. The thing is that, bakeries are aware of the fact that some people do not eat eggs at all, while others prefer to avoid the yolk alone. That is why, when baking goods like cakes and cookies, bakeries make use of egg replacers or substitutes such as arrowroots, banana as well as gelatin.Sometimes, they use tofu as replacement for eggs, particularly with how this ingredient is among the most common substitutes for eggs. When it comes to binding, they use soy powder, potato starch, and corn starch as well, as a replacement for eggs.

There are other advantages that come from buying baked goods from bakeries like how they take good care of your health. You should know by now that bakeries creating eggless baked goods are aware of the disadvantages of consuming eggs or too many eggs, thus, they always make sure to use egg replacers that are great for the body. You might not expect it but many bakeries that create eggless baked goods are health-conscious and they want their customers to enjoy the health benefis that come from the goods they sell.

Now, for those of you out there who want to eat desserts or any goods for that matter, make it a point to ensure that the bakeshop or bakery you come across with are offering eggless baked foods.

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